KVK Rangareddy

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Ranga Reddy District Profile

Ranga Reddy district was formed on 15 August 1978 by carving out some portions of Hyderabad urban Taluk and the merger of the entire rural and urban areas of the remaining Taluks of erstwhile Hyderabad district. Ranga Reddy district is primarily the rural hinterland for twin cities of Hyderabad and Secundrabad feeding the powerful commercial centre with various raw materials, agriculture produce and finished products.

Origin of the Name

Name of the district was Hyderabad (Rural) to begin with. It was changed to ‘K.V. Ranga Reddy’, and later to ‘Ranga Reddy’ district, the former Deputy Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh.

Location

The District is located in the central part of the Deccan Plateau and lies between 160 30` and 180 20` of North Latitude and 770 30` and 790 30` of East Longitudes.

Boundaries

The district is bounded on the North by Medak District, East by Nalgonda District, South by Mahaboobnagar District, west by Gulbarga District and north west of Bidar District of Karnataka State. It covers an area of 7564.88 sq. kms

River Basins

The district can be divided into three broad basins. A major part (65%) of the district is covered by Musi river basin (Osman sagar and Himayat sagar for drinking purpose). The next largest basin is the Kagna basin, a tributary to Bhima River. There is a good potential in this basin, which can irrigate large areas. The third basin is the Manjeera, which is part of the Godavari basin where the area under irrigation is limited. Ranga Reddy district comprises of plains, but is mostly crisscross with rivers, seasonal rivulets and small streams. Ananthagiri hill range spreads across the district from Mahaboobnagar district in the South to Dharur mandal in Vikarabad revenue division in the North.

Area of Rangareddy is 7493 Sq. Km. The district has five Revenue divisions with 37 Mandals and 1055 Villages.

 

Revenue Division

Mandal

Revenue Villages

Grampanchayats

SARRONAGAR DIVISION

Ibrahimpatnam

28

22

 

Yacharam

20

20

 

Manchal

25

18

 

Hayatnagar

41

27

 

Saroornagar

29

13

 

Maheshwaram

33

23

 

Kandukur

30

23

 

SUB TOTAL

206

146

CHEVELLA DIVISION 

Chevalla

36

30

 

Shabad

25

29

 

Shankarpally

26

25

 

Moinabad

26

21

 

Pargi

37

22

Pudur

34

22

Nawabpet

22

21

 

Doma

28

21

 

Kulkacherla

30

29

 

Gandeed

29

24

 

SUB TOTAL

293

244

VIKARABAD DIVISION

Vikarabad

35

21

 

Darur

38

25

 

Marpalle

28

19

 

Mominpet

23

20

 

Bantaram

26

18

 

Tandur

38

25

 

Peddemul

34

25

 

Basheerabad

31

16

 

Yalal

34

24

 

SUB TOTAL

287

193

RAJENDRANGAR DIVISION

Balanagar

14

0

Serilingampally

26

0

Rajendranagar

40

14

Shamshabad

43

24

SUB TOTAL

123

38

MALKAJGIRI DIVISION

Medchal

29

18

Shamirpet

30

22

Ghatkesar

27

21

Keesara

16

12

Uppal

14

Malkajgiri

12

0

Quthbullahpur

18

11

SUB TOTAL

146

84

 

DIST.TOTAL

1055

705

 

In 2011, Rangareddy had population of 5,296,741 of which male and female were 2,701,008 and 2,595,733 respectively. In 2001 census, Rangareddy had a population of 3,575,064 of which males were 1,839,227 and remaining 1,735,837 were females. Rangareddy District population constituted 6.26 percent of total Maharashtra population. In 2001 census, this figure for Rangareddy District was at 4.69 percent of Maharashtra population.

Density of populations

The initial provisional data released by census India 2011, shows that density of Rangareddy district for 2011 is 707 people per sq. km. In 2001, Rangareddy district density was at 477 people per sq. km. Rangareddy district administers 7,493 square kilometers of areas.

Literacy rate

Average literacy rate of Rangareddy in 2011 was 75.87 compared to 66.16 in 2001. Male and female literacy were 82.11 and 69.40 %, respectively.

Sex ratio

It stood at 961females per 1000 males during 2011 census, which was 944 per 1000 male during 2001 census. The average national sex ratio is 940 as per latest Census 2011 report.

The total geographical area of the district is 7.48 Lakhs hectares. The total area sown is about 3.22 lakh ha, constituting 43% of total area. Out of 3.22 lakh ha, 80% is rainfed and about 20% is under irrigated conditions. The District is predominately dependent on rainfall with limited irrigation potential.

Land utilization particulars of RR Dist (ha)

Land Utilization particulars  

2000-2001

2011-2012

Forest

68574

73075

Barren and un-cultivable land

42377

27084

Land put to Non- agricultural uses

86602

107840

Culturable waste

25582

20102

Permanent pastures and other grass land

45543

31722

Land under miscellaneous tree crops and groves not included in net area sown

7324

6176

Current fallows

116397

84029

Other fallow lands

64798

141647

Net area sown

290530

257625

Total geographical area

747726

748300

Total cropped area

321645

282768

Area sown more than once

31115

25143

Source : Statistical year book – 2013 (DES)

The District has got 2.81 lakh farm holdings covering an area of 5.0 lakh hectares. The marginal holdings are 1.33 lakh in Nos. covering an area of only 0.67 lakh hectares. The large holdings are very few in number i.e. 0.04 Lakhs covering 0.74 lakh hectares.

Name of the Machines

Nos.

Wooden ploughs                    

55266

Steel ploughs              

 25274

Electric pumps                       

 21272

Tractors                                  

 1941

Dusters and sprayers  

 23974

Animal carts

11782

Water lifting devises (animal)

1872

The Ranga Reddy District falls under the Southern Telangana Zone along with the districts of Nalgonda, Mahaboobnagar. The average rainfall for the district is 781.5 mm. The climate of the district is generally dry except during the southwest monsoon and receives rainfall through the following seasons.

Month

Rainfall (mm)

 

Temperature (oC)

RH (%)

Mean wind speed (km/h)

Max

Min

January

5.0

28.6

14.6

57

06

February

3.0

31.2

18.7

49

07

March

7.0

34.8

21.1

40

08

April

15.0

36.9

23.0

42

08

May

31.0

38.7

26.7

44

12

June

104.0

34.1

24.8

64

14

July

183.0

29.8

23.0

73

14

August

172.0

29.5

22.0

78

13

September

128.0

29.7

22.3

74

10

October

98.0

30.3

20.5

66

07

November

30.0

28.7

17.5

59

06

December

5.0

27.8

14.9

53

06

Rainfall Rainfall Stats
Soiol Type
Soil Loss
hiSoil

The variation in the fertility of the soils is the main cause for the difference in cropping pattern of the eastern and western regions in the district. Black cotton soils predominate the western region (Chevella, Pargi, Vikarabad, Marpally and Tandur). The Principal crops of the district are Rice, Maize, Ragi, Castor, Pulses, Cotton, and Vegetables. Food crops account for (85%) and the non-food crops (15%) to the gross area sown in the district. Grape cultivation makes the district occupy the distinct place in the state. The District has a total cropped area of 3.16 lakh hectares, out of which 2.15 lakh hectares is covered by; food crops, 0.30 lakh hectares is covered by oil seeds and 0.47 lakh hectares is covered by commercial crops. Similarly 0.24 lakh hectares is covered under horticultural crops.

Crop

Area (ha)

Production (t)

Productivity (Kg/ha)

Rice

40912

98397

2405

Bajra

200

178

893

Jowar

16174

15082

932

Maize

42971

166701

3879

Ragi

598

1122

1876

Wheat

622

703

1130

Redgram

39504

16117

408

Greengram

6420

4096

638

Blackgram

4918

3329

677

Horsegram

269

133

494

Cowpea

458

248

-

Bengalgram

5347

6427

1202

Groundnut

8995

15141

1683

Sesamum

268

89

332

Sunflower

237

266

-

Castor

3307

3072

929

Cotton

60233

144914

409

Safflower

1229

9986

-

Soybean

27

49

-

Sugarcane

1284

8920

6947

Chillies

721

2589

-

Turmeric

3822

23379

-

Potato

561

11781

-

Onion

2228

66840

-

Source : Statistical year book – 2013 (DES)

Cropping Pattern

Cropping Patterns Croping patern crpe
image2

Area
(ha)

Productivity
(MT/ha)

Production
(MT)

Banana

529

60

14940

Sweet Orange

2059

20

31420

Acid Lime

295

20

4960

Mango

14438

15

152340

Ber

8

22

176

Guava

3340

15

35235

Grapes

819

30

24570

Papaya

401

60

5220

Sapota

95

15

1140

Pomegranate

81

30

1710

Custard Apple

32

10

320

Other fruits

316

5

820

Total

22413

 

272851

(Source: Dept. of Horticulture, Govt. of Telangana)

Crop

Kharif
(ha)

Rabi
(ha)

Summer
(ha)

Total
(ha)

Productivity
(MTs/ Ha)

Production
(MTs)

Tomato

3815

2321

1747

7883

17

134011

Brinjal

435

358

421

1214

17

20638

Bhendi

618

425

398

1441

11

15851

Onion

51

1536

268

1855

22

40810

Leafy vegetables

523

312

294

1129

12

13548

Fench beans

61

418

121

600

10

6000

Carrot

1684

1121

354

3159

23

72657

Green chilies

542

384

298

1224

10

12240

Potato

0

698

0

698

20

13960

Cucumber

192

286

225

703

15

10545

Bitter gourd

351

421

296

1068

24

25632

Cabbage

837

471

158

1466

25

36650

Cauliflower

91

278

91

460

23

10580

Bottle gourd

266

451

98

815

21

17115

Coccinia

281

58

0

339

22

7458

Ridge gourd

316

291

151

758

22

16676

Capsicum

119

172

31

322

17

5474

Beetroot

1458

716

128

2302

28

64456

Dolichos beans

262

148

132

542

10

5420

Others

202

194

134

530

15

7956

Total

12104

11059

5345

28508

-

537677

(Source: Dept. of Horticulture, Govt. of Telangana)

Area(ha)

Productivity
(MTs/ ha)

Production
(MTs)

Jasmine

278

4.50

1251

Rose

671

5.00

3355

Crossandra

163

0.50

81.5

Marigold

1186

1.00

1186

Asters

352

2.00

704

Chrysanthemum

1091

1.50

1636.5

Others

214

3.00

642

Total

3955

 -

8856

Area

(ha)

Productivity
(MTs/ha)

Production
(MTs)

Chillies

1023

12

12276

Coriander

562

6

3372

Curry leaf

42

20

840

Turmeric

5231

20

104620

Ginger

748

30

22440

Others

297

10

2970

Total

7903

 -

146518

S.No

Soil/ irrigation

No of Mandals

Names of Mandals

1

 

Medium Irrigation Project Light Soils

3

Yalal, Peddemul, Pargi

 

2

 Red Soils -under Bores and Wells Irrigation.

19

Doma, Quthbullapur, Saroornagar, Shamshabad, Ibrahimpatnam, Gandveed, Medchal,  Keesara, Uppal,Serilingampally, Maheswaram, Kulkacherla, Shamirpet, Hayathnagar, Ghatkesar, Rajendranagar Kandukur, Manchal, Yacharam.

3.

Black Soils -under Bores and Wells Irrigation. 

16

Moinabad, Vikarabad, Pudur, Basheerabad, Shahbad, Marpally, Bantaram, Dharur, Navabpet, Mominpet, Peddemul, Tandur, Yalal, Chevella, Shankarpally, pargi. 

4.

 Red Soils –under Tank fed Irrigation

19

Doma, Medchal, Shamirpet, Qutbullapur, Hayathnagar, Uppal, Ghatkesar, Gandveed, Kulkacherla, Ibrahimpatnam, Yacharam, Manchal, Keesara, Maheswaram, Kandukur, Saroornagar, Rajendranagar, Shamshabad, Serlingampally

5

Black Soils- under Tankfed Irrigation

17

Moinabad, Shahbad,Dharur, Vikarabad, Marpally, Nawabpet, Pudur, Kulkacherla,Mominpet Chevella, Shankerpally,Bantaram, Tandur, Basheerabad, Yalal, Peddemu, pargi

6

 Rainfed- Red soils

19

Doma, Medchal, Shamirpet, Quthbullapur, Keesara, Hayathnagar, Saroornagar, Uppal, Ghatkesar, Shamshabad, Serilingampally, Kulkacherla, Gandveed, Ibrahimpatnam, Yacharam, Maheshwaram, Kandukur, Manchal, Rajendranagar

7

Rainfed – Black soils

16

Chevella, Shahbad, Shankarpally, Moinabad, Vikarabad, Nawabpet, Dharur, Pudur, Tandur  Peddemul,Yalal,Basheerabad, Marpally,  Bantaram, Mominpet, pargi

8

Irrigation – Musi Sewage

 

3

Hayathnagar, Ghatkesar, Uppal.

  • Majority of the district is under semi-arid tract with limited irrigation sources.
  • Major irrigation source in the district is wells (75%) followed by tanks (17%) and other (8%). Erratic rainfall with intermittent or prolonged dry spells influences the time of sowings, inter culture operations, crop stand and hence yields of rainfed and I.D crops. Therefore productivity of most of the crops is lower than state average
  • Area under irrigation is only 18-20% and majority of 80% is rainfed. Only three medium irrigation projects (Laknapur, Juntapally and Kotpally) command about 3000 ha, which constitutes only 5% of total irrigated area (in 3 mandals viz. Pargi, Yalal and Peddemul). The potential of medium irrigation projects is not fully exploited.
  • Land utilization is not proper. Current fallows constitute 15-16% of geographical area consistently for the last 7 years. Forest cover in the district is only 9% of total geographical area, which is ecologically disproportionate.
  • Marginal and small farmers constitute 73% of the total land holdings possessing 35% of total holding area. While semi-medium to medium farmers constitute 25% of total holdings occupying 50% of the area. Large holdings constitute only 2% with only 15 percent area.
  • Heavy metal pollution in soils crops and grasses grown with sewage and effluent water all along with Musi river and also has impact on milch animals.
  • Of late, urbanization, sprawling farmhouses and satellite towns in around the Hyderabad in Ranga Reddy district influencing farmers to switch over to alternate occupations other than agriculture.
  • Majority of the soils in the district are medium in nitrogen, low in available phosphorous. Zinc deficiency is predominant; Calcium induced micro nutrient deficiency in calcareous soils is common.
  • Olericulture and floriculture area is gaining priority as it is in the peri-urban limits of twin cities of Hyderabad and Secundrabad. Recently, it has been identified as potential zone for export of vegetables, flowers, grapes and mango.
  • Besides certain crops like maghi jowar, oats, ragi, redgram, safflower, bengalgram, ajwan, fennel are the traditionally grown crops in specific situations in the district. Area under carrots, onion, gourds, leafy vegetables is considerably increasing over the past few years in few mandals viz., Chevella, Vikarabad, Shahbad and Shankarpally. Area under kagda malle (non-fragrant jasmine), chrysanthemum, marigold, crossandra, asters, lilly is also increasing in Shamshabad, Maheshwaram, Shankarpally, Moinabad, Vikarabad and Nawabpet mandals.
  • Ginger and turmeric can be encouraged in specific farming situations like red loams under assured irrigation (Pargi, Vikarabad, Nawabpet, Marpally and Mominpet mandals). Under light soils (chalka soils) with poor ground water source and very low rainfall (Ibrahimpatnam, Yacharam, Medchal, Shameerpet, Pargi, Gandeed, Moinabad, Shankarapalli, Shamshabad, Rajendranagar, Maheshwaram etc,) drought tolerant crops like castor, ragi, horsegram, cluster bean, ridge gourd etc. can be encouraged.
  • The potential for cultivation of vegetables and flowers in controlled environmental conditions like poly houses is yet to be exploited.
  • Diversification of farming systems to overcome crop failures and for subsidiary income should be a major thrust. Ex: Agriculture + Sheep farming, Agriculture + Poultry, Agriculture + Horticulture, Agriculture + Dairy, Silvi-pasture system, Agroforestry (in rainfed situation)- Neem, Aonla, tamarind planting in wastelands or permanent fallows. Medicinal and Aromatic plants in dry areas under limited water source, with assured market tie-up.
  • There is lot of demand for milk and meat in the twin cities. The major limitation in enhancing milk productivity is fodder shortage, which need to be addressed with proper health care of livestock.
  • Increase in cost of farm labor is another major issue leading to increase in cost of cultivation and low profit to farmers. Therefore farm mechanization should be a thrust area to overcome this problem.
  • In order to enhance the groundwater table and make the tube wells functional throughout the year it is essential to plan and several rainwater harvesting technologies. This could be possible through only community based watershed approach.
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